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Sol-gel, silica and related papers

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  • 1973 - 1983
  • 1984 - 1988
  • 1989 - 1993
  • 1994 - 1998
  • 1999 - 2003
  • 2004 - 2012
  • 2013 - 2015

    1973 - 1983

    4. D. Avnir and J. Blum
    "A Heterocyclic Arene Oxide. 5,6-Diphenylbenz[c]acridine-5,6- oxide",
    J. Heterocycl. Chem., 13, 619-621 (1976). (Photochromism on silica observed).

    5. D. Avnir, P. de Mayo and I. Ono
    "Biphasic Photochemistry: The Photo-Fries Rearrangement on Silica Gel",
    J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., 1109-1110 (1978).

    11. D. Avnir, A. Volpert, Z. Grauer and Z. Aizenshtat
    "Dry Silica Gel: A Novel Medium in Organic Photochemistry",
    J. Photochem., 17, 77 (1981).

    12. D. Avnir, D. J. Johnston, P. de Mayo and S. King Wong
    "Surface Photochemistry: Radical Pair Combination on Silica Gel Surface and in Micelles",
    J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., 958-959 (1981).

    14. H. Mack, D. Avnir and R. Reisfeld
    "Fluorescence of Eu3+, Tb3+, Ho3+, Tm3+ and UO22+ Adsorbed on High Surface Area Supports",
    Book of Extended Abstracts of the 161st Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Canada, July 1982, pp. 773-774. (Also, J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 124C (1982).

    19. D. Avnir and P. Pfeifer
    "Fractal Dimension in Chemistry. An Intensive Characteristic of Surface Irregularity",
    Nouv. J. Chem., 7, 71-72 (1983).

    29. Z. Grauer, H. Daniel and D. Avnir
    "Enhanced Aromaticity of Dibenzotropone as Reflected by Electronic Spectra and Photodimerization on Silica Surfaces",
    J. Coll. Interface Sci., 96, 411-414 (1983).

    37. D. Avnir, R. Reisfeld and D. Levy
    "Glasses Having Luminescent Photochromic and Other Optical Properties, Processes for the Preparation Thereof and Products Produced Therewith",
    Israel Patent Application 69794, 23.9.1983.

    1984 - 1988

    39. D. Levy, R. Reisfeld and D. Avnir
    "Fluorescence of Europium III Trapped in Silica Gel Glass as a Probe for Cation Binding and for Changes in Cage Symmetry During Gel Dehydration",
    Chem. Phys. Lett., 109, 593-597 (1984).

    40. D. Avnir, D. Levy and R. Reisfeld
    "The Nature of Silica Cage as Reflected by Spectral Changes and Enhanced Photostability of Trapped Rhodamine 6G",
    J. Phys. Chem., 88, 5956-5959 (1984).

    47. D. Avnir, V.R. Kaufman and R. Reisfeld
    "Organic Fluorescent Dyes Trapped in Silica and Silica-Titania Thin Films by the Sol-Gel Method. Photophysical, Film and Cage Properties",
    J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 74, 395-406 (1985).

    48. D. Avnir, R. Busse, M. Ottolenghi, E. Wellner and K. Zacchariasse
    "Fluorescent probes for Silica and Reversed Phase Silica Surfaces: 1,3-Di-(1-Pyrenyl)propane and Pyrene",
    J. Phys. Chem., 89, 3521-3526 (1985).

    49. D. Farin, A. Volpert and D. Avnir
    "Determination of Adsorption Conformation from Surface Resolution Analysis",
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 3368-3370 (1985). Erratum: 5319 (1985).

    50. A. Levy, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "The Dual Fluorescence of 1-(N,N-Dimethylamino)-4-Benzonitrile Adsorbed on Silica and on Modified Silica Surfaces",
    Chem. Phys. Lett., 121, 233-238 (1985).

    53. V.R. Kaufman, D. Levy and D. Avnir
    "A Photophysical Study of the Sol/Gel Transition in Silica: Structural Dynamics and Oscillations, Room Temperature Phosphorescence and Photochromic Gel Glasses", J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 82, 103-109 (1986).

    54. E. Wellner, M. Ottolenghi, D. Avnir and D. Huppert
    "On the Dynamic Origin of the Pyrene Excimer Emission on Silica Surfaces with Varying Pore Size Distributions",
    Langmuir, 2, 616-619 (1986).58. A.Y. Meyer, D. Farin and D. Avnir
    "Cross Sectional Areas of Alkanoic Acids. A Comparative Study Applying Fractal Theory of Adsorption and Considerations of Molecular Shape",
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 7897-7905 (1986).

    55. D. Rojanski, D. Huppert, H. D. Bale, X. Dacai, P. W. Schmidt, D. Farin, A. Seri-Levy and D. Avnir
    " Integrated Fractal Analysis of Silica: Adsorption, Electronic Energy Transfer and Small Angle X-Ray Scattering",
    Phys. Rev. Lett., 56, 2505-2508 (1986).

    57. V.R. Kaufman and D. Avnir
    "Structural Changes Along the Sol/Gel/Xerogel Transition in Silica as Probed by Pyrene Excited State Emission",
    Langmuir, 2 , 717-722 (1986).

    59. V.R. Kaufman and D. Avnir
    "Prolonged Chaotic Oscillations During the Gel/Xerogel Transition in Silicon Tetra-methoxide Polymerization as Detected by Pyrene Excimerization",
    in:- Better Ceramics Through Chemistry, C.J. Brinker, D.E. Clarck and D.R. Ulrich, Eds. Material Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 73, 145-156 (1986).

    63. E. Wellner, D. Rojanski, M. Ottolenghi, D. Huppert and D. Avnir
    "Catalytic Structure Sensitivity: The Effect of Pore Size on the Oxygen Quenching of Excited Aromatic Molecules Adsorbed on Silica Surfaces",
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 575-576 (1987).

    67. D. Avnir and V.R. Kaufman
    "Alcohol is an Unnecessary Additive in the Silicon-Alkoxide Sol/Gel Process",
    J. Non-Cryst. Solids 92, 181-182 (1987).

    70. V.R. Kaufman, S.C. Müller, K.H. Müller and D. Avnir
    "Early Stages of the Silicon Alkoxide Sol/Gel Polymerization as Detected by Dynamic Light Scattering",
    Chem. Phys. Lett., 142, 551-556 (1987).

    71. D. Farin and D. Avnir
    "The Accessibility of Irregular (Fractal) Surfaces to Silylation Reactions",
    J. Chromatog., 406, 317-324 (1987) (Special Vol. honoring E. Kovats).

    73. D. Pines-Rojanski, D. Huppert and D. Avnir
    "Pore Size Effects on the Fractal Distribution of Adsorbed Acceptor Molecules As Revealed by Electronic Energy Transfer on Silica Surfaces",
    Chem. Phys. Lett., 139, 109-115 (1987).

    76. V.R. Kaufman, D. Avnir, D. Pines-Rojanski and D. Huppert
    "Water Consumption During the Early Stages of the Sol/Gel Silicon Tetramethoxide Polymerization as Probed by Excited Stages Proton Transfer",
    J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 99, 379-386 (1988).

    77. A. Hohr, H.-B. Neuman, M. Steiner, P.W. Schmidt and D. Avnir
    "Fractal Surface and Cluster Structure of Controlled-Pore Glasses and Vycor Porous Glass as Revealed by Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Neutron Scattering",
    Phys. Rev B, 38, 1462-1467 (1988).

    80. D. Pines, D. Huppert and D. Avnir
    "The Fractal Nature of the Surfaces of Porous Silicas as Revealed in Electronic Energy Transfer between Adsorbates. Comparison of Three Donor/Acceptor Pairs",
    J. Chem. Phys., 89, 1177-1180 (1988).

    81. D. Levy and D. Avnir
    "The Effects of the Changes in the Properties of Silica Cage Along the Gel/Xerogel Transition on the Photochromic Behaviour of Trapped Spiropyranes"
    J. Phys. Chem., 92, 4734-4738 (1988).

    1989 - 1993

    85. H. Birenbaum, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Surface Geometry and Pore Size Effects on Photoinduced Charge Transfer Interactions between Pyrene and Diethylaniline on Silica Surfaces",
    Langmuir, 5, 48-54 (1989).

    88. Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Unconventional Photoactive Solids, Cleveland, 1985, H. Scher, Ed., Plenum Press, N.Y., 1988:

    1. D. Rojanski-Pines, D. Huppert, H.B. Bale, X. Dacai, P.W. Schmidt, D. Farin, A. Seri-Levy and D. Avnir
      "An Integrated Fractal Analysis of Silica: Electronic Energy Transfer, Small Angle X-Ray Scattering and Adsorption", pp. 171- 178.

    2. Vered R. Kaufman and David Avnir
      "Structural Changes and Oscillations During the Sol/Gel Transition in Silica Gel Glass Probed by Pyrene Excimerization", pp. 179-183.

    3. David Levy and David Avnir
      "Isolation and Trapping of Organic Photoactive Molecules in Silica Glass Matrices at Room Temperature", pp. 193-196.

    100. D. Levy, S. Einhorn and D. Avnir
    "Applications of the Sol/Gel Process for the Preparation of Photochromic Information Recording Materials: Synthesis, Properties, Mechanisms",
    J.Non-Cryst. Solids, 113,137-145 (1989).

    101. A. Slama-Schwok, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Photoinduced Charge Separation Across the Solid-Liquid Interface of Porous Sol-Gel Glasses: Catalysed Hydrogen Generation from Water",
    J. Phys. Chem., 93, 7544-7547 (1989).

    104. P.W. Schmidt, D. Avnir, D. Levy, A. Hohr, M. Steiner and A. Roll
    "Small Angle X-Ray Scattering From the Surfaces of Reversed Phase Silicas: Power-Law Scattering Exponents of Magnitudes Greater than Four",
    J. Chem. Phys., 94, 1474-1479 (1991).(For an Extended Abstract see 104a)

    104a. P.W. Schmidt, D. Levy, A. Hohr, M. Steiner and D. Avnir
    "Small Angle X-Ray Scattering From the Surfaces of Reversed Phase Silicas: Power-Law Scattering Exponents of Magnitudes Greater than Four",
    in: "Fractal Aspects of Materials", Materials Research Society Extended Abstracts, EA-20, (MRS Meeting, Boston, Nov. 1989), J.H. Kaufman, J.E. Martin and P.W. Schmidt, Ed's, MRS, Pittsburgh, 1989, pp. 159-162.

    110. Sol-gel patents:
    1. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi and R. Zusman, " A Method for Obtaining a Chemical Interaction", Israeli Patent 93134 , Jan. 23, 1990 (world-wide priority date), Feb. 22, 1998.

    2. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi, S. Braun and R. Zusman, "Doped Sol-Gel Glasses for Obtaining Chemical Interactions", U.S. Patent 5, 292, 801, March 8, 1994.

    3. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi, S. Braun and R. Zusman, "Doped Sol-Gel Glasses for Obtaining Chemical Interactions", U.S. Patent 5, 300, 564, April 5, 1994.

    4. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi and O. Lev, "Chromatography Processes Using Doped Sol Gel Glasses as Chromatographic Media", U.S. Patent 5, 308, 495, May 3, 1994

    5. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi and O. Lev, " Qualitative and Quantitative Processes for Reactive Chemicals in Liquids Using Doped Sol-Gel Glasses", U.S. Patent 5, 371,018, June 12, 1994

    6. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi, S. Braun and R. Zusman, "Doped Sol-Gel Glasses for Obtaining Chemical Interactions", U.S. Patent 5, 650,311, July 22, 1997

    7. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi, S. Braun and R. Zusman, "Doped Sol-Gel Glasses for Obtaining Chemical Interactions", European Patent, #0439318, 20.5.98.

    8. D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi, S. Braun and R. Zusman, "Doped Sol-Gel Glasses for Obtaining Chemical Interactions", U.S. Patent 5,824,526, October 20th, 1998.

    9. Other world wide patents on various sol-gel applications are pending. For some additional patents, go to patents.

    111. R. Zusman, C. Rottman, M. Ottolenghi and D. Avnir
    "Doped Sol-Gel Glasses as Chemical Sensors",
    J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 122, 107-109 (1990).

    114. S. Braun, S. Rappoport, R. Zusman, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Biochemically Active Sol-Gel Glasses: The Trapping of Enzymes",
    Materials Lett., 10, 1-5 (1990).

    115. D. Levy and D. Avnir
    "Room Temperature Phosphorescence and Delayed Fluorescence of Organic Molecules Trapped in Silica Sol-Gel Glasses",
    J. Photochem. Photobiol.. A: Chem., 57, 41-63 (1991) (Special issue honoring P. de Mayo).

    122. S. Braun, S. Rappoport, S. Shtelzer, R. Zusman, S. Druckman, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Design and properties of enzymes immobilized in sol-gel glass matrices"
    in: Biotechnology: Bridging Research and Applications", D. Kamely, A. M. Chakrabary and S. E. Kornguth, eds., Kluwer, Boston, (1991), pp. 205-218.

    123. A. Slama-Schwok, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Photoinduced Electron Transfer Mediated by a Shuttling Charge Carrier between Ru and Ir Trisbipyridyl Complexes Trapped in Sol Gel Glasses",
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113, 3984-3985 (1991).

    126. A. Slama-Schwok, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Photochemical Reactivity of Molecules Trapped in Sol-Gel Glasses",
    Photochem. Photobiol., 54, 525-534 (1991) (Special issue honoring N. Turro).

    128. D. Avnir, S. Braun and M. Ottolengi
    "The Encapsulation of Organic Molecules and Enzymes in Sol-Gel Glasses. Novel Photoactive Optical, Sensing and Bioactive Materials. A Review"
    in "Supermolecular Architecture: Synthetic Control in Thin Films and Solids" T. Bein, Ed., ACS Symp. Ser., vol 499, Ch. 27, 384-404, (1992).

    128a. D. Avnir
    "Organic Compounds in Glass", Chem. & Eng. News, Feb. 2nd, 1992, p.2

    132. O. Lev, B. Iosefson-Kuyavskaya, I. Gigozin, M. Ottolengi and D. Avnir
    "A High sensitivity Photometric Method Based on Glass Phase Spectrophotometry. Determination of Sub-ppb Divalent Iron"
    Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 343, 370-372, (1992).

    133. D. Levy, B.I. Kuyavskaya, I. Zamir, M. Ottolengi, D. Avnir and O. Lev
    "Immobilization of Quaternary Ammonium Anion Exchangers in Sol-Gel Glasses"
    Separat. Sci. Tech., 27, 589-597 (1992).

    134. A. Slama-Schwok, M. Ottolenghi and D. Avnir
    "Long-Lived Photoinduced Charge Separation in a Redox System Trapped in Sol-Gel Glasses"
    Nature, 355, 240-242 (1992).

    136. S. Shtelzer, S. Rappoport, D. Avnir, M. Ottolenghi and S. Braun
    "Properties of Tryspin and of Acid Phosphatase Immobilized in Sol-Gel Glass Matrices"
    Biotech. Appl. Biochem. 15, 227-235, (1992).

    137. B. Iosefzon-Kuyavskaya, I. Gigozin, M. Ottolenghi, D. Avnir and O. Lev
    "Spectrophotometric Detection of Heavy Metals by Doped Sol-Gel Glass Detectors"
    J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 147&148, 808-812 (1992).

    140. J. Samuel, M. Ottolenghi and D. Avnir
    "Diffusion Controlled Reactions on Porous Silicas: Mechanisms, Surface Diffusion Coefficients and Effects of Geometry"
    J. Phys. Chem., 96, 6398-6405, (1992).

    141. C. Rottman, M. Ottolenghi, R. Zusman, O. Lev, M. Smith, G. Gong, M.L. Kagan and D. Avnir
    "Doped Sol-Gel Glasses as pH Sensors"
    Mat. Letters, 13, 293-298, (1992).

    142. S. Braun, S. Shtelzer, S. Rappoport, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Biocatalysis by Sol-Gel Entrapped Enzymes"
    J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 147&148, 739-743 (1992).

    145. O. Lev, B. Kuyavskaya, Y. Sacharov, C. Rottmann, A. Kuselman, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    "Photometric Sensors Based on Sol-Gel Porous Glasses Doped with Organic Reagents"
    in " Environmental Monitoring" T. Vo-Dinh, ed., SPIE Proc. Ser., 1716, 357-366 (1992).

    146. D. Avnir, S. Braun, O. Lev and M. Ottolenghi
    "Chemically Active Doped Sol-Gel Materials: Enzymatic Sensors, Chemical Sensors and Photoactive Materials" in:- Sol-Gel Optics II", J. D. Mackenzey, ed.,
    SPIE Proc. Ser. 1758 456-463 (1992).

    147. D. Avnir, S. Braun, O. Lev, D. Levy and M. Ottolenghi
    "Organically Doped Sol-Gel Porous Glasses: Chemical Sensors, Enzymatic Sensors, Electro-optical Materials, Luminescent Materials and Photochromic Materials"
    in: "Sol-Gel Optics - Processing and Applications," L.C. Klein, ed., Kluwer, Boston, Chapter 23, pp. 539-582 (1994).

    154. A. Rosenfeld, D. Avnir and J. Blum
    "Sol-Gel Transition Metal Quaternary Ammonium Ion Pairs as Highly Efficient Recyclable Catalysts."
    J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., 583-584 (1993).

    1994 - 1998

    159. J. Samuel, Y. Polevaya, M. Ottolenghi and D. Avnir
    "Determination of Activation Energy of Entrance into Micropores: Quenching of the Fluorescence of Pyrene Doped SiO2 Sol-Gel Matrices by Oxygen"
    Chem. Mater., 6, 1457-1461, (1994).

    162. N. Aharonson, M. Altstein, G. Avidan, D. Avnir, A. Bronshtein, A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, M. Ottolenghi, Y. Polevaya, C. Rottman, J. Samuel, S. Shalom, A. Strinkovski and A. Turiansky
    "Recent Developments in Organically Doped Sol-Gel Sensors: A Microns-Scale Probe; Successful Trapping of Purified Polyclonal Antibodies; Solutions to the Dopant-Leaching Problem." in: "Better Ceramics through Chemistry, VI" C. Sanchez, M.L. Mecartney, C.J. Brinker and A. Cheetham, eds. MRS Symp. Proc. 346, 519-530 (1994).

    164. J. Samuel, A. Strinkovski, S. Shalom, K. Lieberman, M. Ottolenghi, D. Avnir and A. Lewis.
    "Miniaturization of Organically Doped Sol-Gel Materials: A Microns-Size Fluorescent pH Sensor"
    Mater. Lett., 21,431-434 (1994)

    165. D. Avnir, S. Braun, O. Lev and M. Ottolenghi
    "Enzymes and Other Proteins Entrapped in Sol-Gel Materials"
    Chem. Mater., 6, 1605-1614 (1994),(Invited Review).

    166. Y. Polevaya, J. Samuel, M. Ottolenghi and D. Avnir
    "Apparent Low Surface Areas in Microporous SiO2 Xerogels"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 5, 65-70, (1995).

    169. J. Rouquerol, D. Avnir, C.W. Fairbridge, D. H. Everett, J.H. Haynes, N. Pernicone, J. D. Ramsay, K.S.W. Sing and K.K. Unger
    IUPAC "Recommendations for the Characterization of Porous Solids"
    Pure & Appl. Chem, 66, 1739-1758 (1994).

    170. D. Avnir "Organic Chemistry within Ceramic Matrices: Doped Sol-Gel Materials"
    Acc. Chem Res., 28, 328-334 (1995).

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    172. P. W. Schmidt, D. Avnir, H.-B. Neumann, A. Hohr, M. Steiner, J. Lin, D. Levy, V. R. Kaufman, Y. M. Kapoor and J. S. Lin
    “Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering Study of Two-Length-Scale Structure in Some Silica Xerogels”, Unpublished manuscript, 1995.

    175. J. Blum, A. Rosenfeld, N. Polak, O. Israelson, H. Schumann and D. Avnir
    "Comparison Between Homogeneous and Sol-Gel Encapsulated Rhodium-Quaternary Ammonium Ion Pair Catalysts"
    J. Molec. Catal., 107, 217-223 (1996)

    176. A. Turniansky, D. Avnir, A. Bronshtein, N. Aharonson and M. Altstein
    "Sol-Gel Entrapment of Monoclonal Anti-Atrazine Antibodies"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech. 7, 135-143 (1996) . ( Special issue on Biochemical Aspects of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, S. Braun and D. Avnir, editors).

    178. O. Katz, J. Samuel, D. Avnir and M. Ottolenghi
    " Diffusion Controlled Reactions of Molecular Oxygen on Porous Silica Glass: Coverage Dependence of Reaction and Diffusion Rates and Evidence of Surface Heterogeneity"
    J. Phys. Chem., 99, 14893 - 14902 (1995).

    179. H. Sertchook, D. Avnir, J. Blum, F. Joo, A. Katho, H. Schumann, R. Weinmann and S. Wernik
    "Sol-Gel Entrapped Lipophilic and Hydrophilic Ruthenium-, Rhodium-, and Iridium-Phosphine Complexes as Recycable Isomerization Catalysts"
    J. Molec. Catal. A, 108, 153-160 (1996)

    181. L. R. Matthews, D. Avnir, A. D. Modestov, S. Sampath and O. Lev
    "The incorporation of Titania into Modified Silicates for Solar Photodegradation of Aqueous Species"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 8, 619-623 (1997)

    184. A. Rosenfeld, J. Blum and D. Avnir
    "Disproportionation of Dihydroarenes by Sol-Gel Entrapped RhCl3 - Quaternary Ammonium Ion Pair Catalysts"
    J. Catal. 164, 363-368 (1996)

    188. C. Rottman, G. S. Grader, Y. De Hazan and D. Avnir
    "Sol-Gel Entrapment of ET(30) in Ormosils. Interfacial Polarity - Fractality Correlation"
    Langmuir, 12, 5505-5508 (1996) (+ cover picture)

    189. L. Laby, L. C. Klein, A. Turniansky and D. Avnir
    "Synthesis of Alumina and Silica- Containing Alumina Xerogel Hosts"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 10, 177-184 (1997).
    * "Biochemical Aspects of Sol-Gel Science and Technology", D. Avnir and S. Braun, Editors, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 1996

    192. D. Avnir, L. C. Klein, D. Levy, U. Schubert and A. B. Wojcik
    "Organo-Silica Sol-Gel Materials"
    In "The Chemistry of Organosilicon Compounds" Vol. 2, Y. Apeloig and Z. Rappoport, Ed.’s, Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998, chapter 40, pp. 2317- 2362.

    193. K. Ramanathan, D. Avnir. A. Modestov and O. Lev
    "Sol-Gel Derived Ormosil-Exfoliated Graphite-TiO2 Composite Floating Catalyst: Photodeposition of Copper"
    Chem. Mater. 9, 2533 - 2540, (1997)

    194. D. Shabat, F. Grynszpan, S. Saphier, A. Turniansky, D. Avnir and E. Keinan
    "An Efficient Sol-Gel Reactor for Antibody Catalyzed Transformations"
    Chem. Mater., 9, 2258 - 2260, (1997)

    196. M. Altstein, A. Bronshtein, N. Aharonson, D. Avnir and A. Turniansky
    "Sol-Gel Matrices Doped with Atrazine Antibodies: Atrazine Binding Properties"
    Chem. Mater. 9, 2632 - 2639, (1997)

    197. O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior and D. Avnir
    "Simple Absorption Optical Fiber pH Sensor Based on Doped Sol-Gel Cladding Material"
    Chem. Mater., 9, 2255 - 2257, (1997)

    199. H. Schumann, M. Hasan, F. Gelman, D. Avnir and J. Blum
    "Synthesis immobilization and catalytic activity of some silylated cyclopentadienyl Complexes"
    Inorg. Chim. Acta, 280, 21-21 (1998) (Special issue honoring M. E. Vol’pin).

    201. O. Ben-David, E. Shafir, I. Gilath, Y. Prior and D. Avnir
    “Long Term Renewable Sol-Gel Fluorescent Optical Fiber pH Sensor”
    in:- Sol-Gel Optics IV", B. S. Dunn, J. D. Mackenzie, H. K. Schmidt and M. Yamane, Ed's.,
    SPIE Proc. Ser. 3136, 104 -113, (1997). doi:10.1117/12.279156

    202. C. Rottman, A. Turniansky and D. Avnir
    "Sol-Gel Physical and Covalent Entrapment of Three Methyl Red Indicators:
    A Comparative Study"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 13, 17 - 25 (1998)

    205. M. Altstein, G. Segev, N. Aharonson, O. Ben-Aziz, A. Turniansky and D. Avnir
    "Sol-Gel Entrapped Cholinesterases: Microtiter Plate Method for Monitoring Anti-cholinesterase Compounds"
    J. Agricult. Food Chem., 46, 3318 - 3324 (1998)

    1999 - 2003

    208. F. Gelman, D. Avnir, H. Schumann and J. Blum
    "Sol-Gel Entrapped Chiral Rhodium and Ruthenium Complexes as Recyclable Catalysts for Enantioselective Hydrogenation of Itaconic Acid"
    J. Molec. Catal., A: Chem., 146, 123 - 128 (1999)

    211. Y. De Hazan, G. E. Shter, Y. Cohen, C. Rottman, D. Avnir and G. S. Grader
    "The Evolution of Microstructure in Nonhydrolytic Alumina Xerogels"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 14, 233 - 247 (1999).

    213. J. Blum, A. Rosenfeld, F. Gelman, H. Schumann and D. Avnir
    "Hydrogenation and dehalogenation of aryl chlorides and fluorides by the sol-gel entrapped RhCl3-Aliquat 336 ion pair catalyst"
    J. Molec. Catal., A: Chem., 146, 117 - 122 (1999)

    214. R. Shacham, D. Avnir and D. Mandler
    "Electrodeposition of Methylated Sol-Gel Films on Conducting Surfaces"
    Adv. Mater., 11, 1544 - 1564 (1999)

    218. J. Blum, D. Avnir and H. Schumann
    "Sol-Gel-Encapsulated Transition-Metal Catalysts"
    CHEMTECH, 29(2), 32 - 38 (1999).

    221. C. Rottman, G. Grader, Y. De Hazan, S. Melchior and D. Avnir
    "Surfactant-Induced Modification of Dopants Reactivity in Sol-Gel Matrices"
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 121, 8533 - 8543 (1999)

    224. D. Avnir, J. Blum and O. Lev "Reactive Ceramic Nanocomposites with Organic and Bio-organic Dopants"
    Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, K.H. J?rgen Buschow Robert W. Cahn, Merton C. Flemings Bernhard Ilschner, Edward J. Kramer Subhash Mahajan, Ed.'s-in-Chief, Elesevier Science, 2001, pp. 8040 - 8049, (Chapter 5.10.17),

    225. J. Blum, F. Gelman, R. Abu-Reziq, I. Miloslavski, H. Schumann and D. Avnir
    "Sol-gel entrapped heteronuclear transition metal catalysts"
    Polyhedron, 19, 509-512 (2000).

    226. L. Sarussi, J. Blum and D. Avnir
    "Doped Sol-Gel Materials as Heterogeneous Reagents for Organic Synthesis"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 19, 17 - 22 (2000).

    229. C. Rottman and D. Avnir
    "Effects of water/silane r-ratio and of humidity on properties of sol-gel entrapped indicators"
    in "Sol-Gel Optics V", B. S. Dunn, E. J. A. Pope, H. K. Schmidt and M. Yamane, Ed.'s
    Proc. SPIE, 3943, 154 - 162 (2000)

    230. R. Ciriminna, J. Blum, D. Avnir and M. Pagliaro
    "Sol-gel entrapped TEMPO for the selective oxidation of methyl-?-D-glucopyranoside"
    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Comm., 1441 - 1442 (2000)

    233. H. Frenkel-Mullerad and D. Avnir
    "The Chemical Reactivity of Sol-Gel Materials: Hydrobromination of Ormosils"
    Chem. Mater., 12, 3754 - 3759 (2000)

    234. S. Srebnik, O. Lev and D. Avnir
    "Pore size distribution induced by microphase separation: Effect of leaving group during polycondensation"
    Chem. Mater., 13, 811-816 (2001)

    235. M. T. Reetz, R. Wenkel and D. Avnir
    "Entrapment of lipases in hydrophobic sol-gel matrices: Efficient heterogeneous Biocatalysts in aqueous Medium"
    Synthesis, 781 - 783 (2000)

    236 F. Gelman, J. Blum and D. Avnir
    "One-pot reactions with opposing reagents: : Sol-gel entrapped catalyst and base"
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122, 11999 - 12000 (2000)

    237. C. Rottman and D. Avnir
    "Getting a Library of Activities from a Single Compound:
    Tunability and Very Large Shifts Induced by Sol-Gel Entrapped Micelles"
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 5730 - 5734 (2001)

    238. F. Gelman, D. Avnir, H. Schumann and J. Blum
    "Sol-gel entrapped Rh2Co2(CO)12: A catalyst precursor for efficient arene hydrogenation"
    J. Molec. Catal. A: Chemical, 171, 191 - 194 (2001)

    240. C. Rottman, G. Grader and D. Avnir
    "Polarity of Sol-Gel Derived Ormosils and of their Interfaces with Solvents"
    Chem. Mater. 13, 3631-3634. (2001) (Special issue on Organic-Inorganic Nanocomposite Materials)

    241. G. S. Grader, G. E. Shter, D. Avnir, H. Frenkel, D. Sclar and A. Dolev
    "Modification of Non-hydrolytic Sol-gel Derived Alumina
    by Solvent Treatments"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 21, 157-165 (2001).
    243. D. Avnir and D. Levy
    "Sunscreens for Protection from Sun Radiation"
    US patent #6,159,453, Dec, 12, 2000.

    246. R. Abu-Reziq, D. Avnir, I. Miloslavski, H. Schumann and J. Blum
    "Entrapment of Metallic Palladium and a Rhodium(I) Complex in a Silica Sol-Gel Matrix. Formation of a Highly Active Recyclable Arene Hydrogenation Catalyst
    J. Molec. Catal. A: Chemical, 185, 179 - 185 (2002).

    247. S. Fireman-Shoresh, N. H?sing and David Avnir
    "Adsorption/Desorption Characteristics of Cis-Platin on Mercapto-Silylated Silica Surfaces"
    Langmuir, 17, 5958 - 5963, (2001)

    248. D. Avnir "In Praise of Imperfection: Some thoughts on future trends in Surface Science"
    in "The History of Colloid and Surface Chemistry in Japan", K. Sakamoto, Chief Editor, 16 -17, The Chem. Soc. of Japan, Tokyo, 2001

    249. F. Gelman, J. Blum and D. Avnir
    "Acids and Bases in One Pot while Avoiding their Mutual Destruction"
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 40, 3647-36749 (2001)
    (Angew. Chem. 113, 3759 - 3761 (2001); The Alchemist:; Chemical & Engineering News, 79 (40), October 1, 2001, p.61).

    252. F. Gelman, J. Blum, H. Schumann and D. Avnir
    "One-pot Reactions with Sol-Gel Entrapped Catalysts, Acids and Bases"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., (Proc. Sol-Gel 2001 Workshop), 26, 43 - 46 (2003)

    253. R. Shacham, D. Mandler and D. Avnir
    "Electrochemically Induced Deposition of Zirconia Thin Films"
    Chem. Mater., submitted, 2003

    255. H. Behar-Levy and D. Avnir
    "Entrapment of organic molecules within metals: Dyes in silver"
    Chem. Mater., 14, 1736 - 1741 (2002)

    256. R. Abu-Reziq, D. Avnir and J. Blum
    "Catalytic hydrogenolysis of aromatic ketones by a sol-gel entrapped combined Pd-[Rh(cod)Cl]2 catalyst"
    J. Molec. Catal. A: Chemical, 187, 277-281 (2002).

    257. F. Gelman, J. Blum and D. Avnir
    "One-pot sequences of reactions with sol-gel entrapped opposing reagents. Oxidations and catalytic reductions"
    New J. Chem., 27, 205 - 207, (2003)

    259. F. Gelman, J. Blum and D. Avnir
    "One-Pot Sequences of Reactions with Sol-Gel Entrapped Opposing Reagents: An Enzyme
    and Metal-Complex Catalysts"
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124 , 14460 - 14463 (2002)

    261. A. Ghattas, R. Abu-Reziq, D. Avnir and J. Blum
    "Exhaustive hydrodechlorination of chlorinated aromatic environmental pollutants to alicyclic compounds"
    Green Chemistry, 5, 40 - 43 (2003)

    262. R. Abu-Reziq, D. Avnir and J. Blum
    "A Three-Phase Emulsion/Solid-Heterogenization Method for Transport and Catalysis"
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 41 , 4132 - 4134 (2002)

    265. H. Sertchook and D. Avnir
    "Submicron silica/polystyrene composite particles prepared by a one-step sol-gel process"
    Chem. Mater., 15, 1690-1694 (2003)

    266. Ch. Zolkov, D. Avnir, R. Armon
    "Tissue-derived cell growth on hybrid sol-gel films"
    J. Mater.Chem., 14, 2200-2205 (2004) (Selected as a "Hot Paper")

    267. . S. Fireman-Shoresh, D. Avnir and S. Marx
    "General Method for Chiral Imprinting of Sol-Gel ThinFilms Exhibiting Enantioselectivity"
    Chem. Mater.,15, 3607-3613 (2003)

    2004 - 2012

    271. J. Blum and D. Avnir
    "Catalysis and Reactivity with Sol-Gel Entrapped Organic and Organometallic Chemicals"
    in "Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology", S. Sakka, Ed., Kluwer, 2004, Ch. 33

    272. R. Shacham, D. Avnir and D. Mandler
    "Electrodeposition of dye-doped titania thin films"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 31, 329 - 334 (2004)

    273. R. Abu-Reziq, J. Blum, and D. Avnir
    "Three-Phase Microemulsion/Sol-Gel System for Aqueous Catalysis with Hydrophobic Chemicals"
    Chem. Eur. J., 10, 958 - 962 (2004)

    274. K. Hamza, R. Abu-Reziq, D. Avnir, and J. Blum
    "Heck Vinylation of Aryl Iodides by a Silica Sol-Gel Entrapped Pd(II) Catalyst and Its Combination with a Photocyclization Process"
    Org. Lett., 6, 925-927 (2004)

    278. T. Mokari, H. Sertchook, A. Aharoni, Y. Ebenstein, D. Avnir, U. Banin
    "Nano@micro: General Method for Entrapment of Nanocrystals in Sol-Gel-Derived Composite Hydrophobic Silica Spheres"
    Chem. Mater. 17, 258-263 (2005)

    279. Sharon Fireman-Shoresh, Inna Popov, David Avnir and Sharon Marx
    "Enantioselective, Chirally Templated Sol-Gel Thin Films"
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 2650-2655 (2005)

    281. Nino Eliahu, David Avnir and Jochanan Blum
    "Conversion of metal carbonyl clusters into active catalysts by their entrapment within alumina sol-gel matrices"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 35, 159 - 167 (2005).

    283. Sharon Fireman-Shoresh, Iva Turyan, Daniel Mandler, David Avnir and Sharon Marx
    "Chiral Electrochemical Recognition by Ultrathin Molecularly Imprinted Sol-Gel Films"
    Langmuir, 21, 7842 – 7847 (2005)

    284. Hagit Frenkel-Mullerad and David Avnir
    "Sol-Gel Materials as Efficient Enzyme Protectors: Preserving the Activity of Phosphatases under Extreme pH Conditions"
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8077-8081 (2005)

    285. Hanan Sertchook, Hila Elimelech and David Avnir
    "Composite particles of silica/polydimethylsiloxanes"
    Chem. Mater., 17, 4711 – 4716 (2005)

    286. Raed Abu-Reziq, David Avnir and Jochanan Blum
    "Three-Phase Microemulsion/Sol-Gel System for Aqueous Catalytic Hydroformylation of Hydrophobic Alkenes"
    Eur. J. Org. Chem., 3640–3642 (2005)

    287. David Avnir, Thibaud Coradin, Ovadia Lev and Jacques Livage
    "Recent bio-applications of sol-gel materials"
    J. Mater. Chem., 16, 1013 – 1030 (2006)

    288. Anna Kogan and David Avnir
    "Chemical communication between solids placed at distance: Sol-gel entrapped acids and bases"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Techn., 40, 233–239 (2006)

    292. H. Sertchook, H. Elimelech, C. Makarov, R. Khalfin, Y. Cohen, M. Shuster, F. Babonneau, and D. Avnir,
    "Composite Particles of Polyethylene@Silica"
    J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129, 98-108 (2007)

    293. Sharon Fireman-Shoresh, Sharon Marx and David Avnir
    "Induction and Detection of Chirality in Doped Sol-Gel Materials: NMR and Circular Dichroism Studies"
    J. Mater. Chem., 17, 536 - 544 (2007) ("Hot Paper"); DOI: 10.1039/b612822j

    295. Carina Makarov, Rafail L. Khalfin, Vadim Makarov, Yachin Cohen, Hanan Sertchook, Hila Elimelech and David Avnir
    "The structure of submicron polyethylene/silica composite particles"
    Polym. Adv. Technol. 18, 712-719 (2007), (Special issue in memory of Prof. Yair Avny)

    297. Annie Michaud, Genevie`ve Gingras, Michel Morin, François Be´land, Rosaria Ciriminna, David Avnir and Mario Pagliaro
    "SiliaCat TEMPO: An Effective and Useful Oxidizing Catalyst"
    Org. Proc. Res. Develop. 11, 766 - 768 (2007)

    298. Sharon Fireman-Shoresh, Sharon Marx and David Avnir
    "Enantioselective sol-gel materials obtained by either doping or imprinting with a chiral surfactant"
    Adv. Mater., 19, 2145 - 2150 (2007)

    300. Sharon Marx and David Avnir
    "The induction of chirality in sol-gel materials"
    Acc. Chem. Res., 40, 768 - 776 (2007)

    303. Elimelech and David Avnir
    "Sodium-Silicate Route to Submicrometer Hybrid PEG@Silica Particles"
    Chem. Mater., 20, 2224–2227 (2008)

    305. Lital Zalzberg and David Avnir
    "Biocompatible hybrid particles of poly(L-lactic acid)@silica"
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 48, 47- 50 (2008)

    307. Reut Toledano, Ronen Shacham, David Avnir and Daniel Mandler
    "Electrochemical Codeposition of Metal/Sol-Gel Thin Nanocomposite Films"
    Chem. Mater., 20, 4276–4283 (2008)

    309. Dmitry Tsvelikhovsky, Dikla Pessing, David Avnir and Jochanan Blum
    "Forcing a cis-Product by Matrix Imprinting: Heck Reaction Catalyzed by Palladium Acetate Entrapped within cis-Imprinted Sol-Gel Derived Silicates"
    Adv. Synth. & Catal., 350, 2856 – 2858 (2008)
    High-lighted in Synfacts, 4, 462 (2009)

    310. Chen Zolkov, David Avnir and Robert Armon
    "Sol-gel based poliovirus-1 detector"
    J. Virol. Methods, 155, 132–135 (2009)

    313. Ch. Dryzun, Y. Mastai, A. Shvalb and D. Avnir
    "Chiral silicate zeolites"
    J. Mater. Chem., 19, 2062 – 2069 (2009). Highlighted in Science, 323 (5919), 1266 (2009)

    317. Ronen Shacham, Daniel Mandler and David Avnir
    “Pattern recognition in oxides thin-film electrodeposition: Printed circuits”
    C. R. Chimie, 13, 237 – 241 (2010) (special J. Livage issue)

    320. Hila Elimelech, Jean-Marie Nedelec, Adeline Hardy-Dessources, Florence Babonneau and David Avnir
    “Cross-linked polyethylene@silica: the first full interpenetrating network hybrid particles”
    J. Mater. Chem., 9515 – 9522 (2010). (Themed Issue on Advanced Hybrid Materials)

    331. Hadas Naor, Michael Shuster and David Avnir
    “Triple-hybrid sub-micron particles: Ag@polymer@silica”
    J. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 59, 194 – 203 (2011)

    334. Hila Elimelch and David Avnir
    “Chemical reactivity of hybrid particles”
    RSC Adv., 2 (3), 863 – 869 (2012)

    2013 - 2015

    336. Hadas Naor, Hila Elimelech and David Avnir
    “Thermal activation of polyethylene@silica particles: towards ceramic surfactants”
    J Sol-Gel Sci Technol, 65, 74–82 (2013). DOI 10.1007/s10971-012-2702-1

    342. Hila Elimelech and David Avnir
    “Hybrid particles of polyethylene@silica as precursors for porous polyethylene”
    Part. Part. Syst. Charact, 30, 72–74 (2013)

    344. Zackaria Nairoukh, David Avnir, and Jochanan Blum
    “Acid-Catalyzed Hydration of Alkynes in Aqueous Microemulsions"
    ChemSusChem 2013, 6, 430 – 432 (2013); DOI: 10.1007/s00004-013-0144-x

    345. Ido Fuchs and David Avnir
    “Induction of Amphiphilicity in Polymer@Silica Particles: Ceramic Surfactants”
    Langmuir, 29, 2835−2842 (2013);

    349. Avi Rutenberg, Vladimir V. Vinogradov and David Avnir
    “Synthesis and enhanced thermal stability of albumins@alumina: towards injectable sol-gel materials”
    Chem. Commun., 49, 5636-5638 (2013); DOI: 10.1039/c3cc41696h

    353. Hagit Frenkel-Mullerad, Racheli Ben-Knaz, David Avnir
    “Preserving the activity of enzymes under harsh oxidizing, conditions: sol–gel entrapped alkaline phosphatase exposed to bromine”
    J Sol-Gel Sci Technol, 69, 453–456 (2014); DOI 10.1007/s10971-013-3226-z
    (Reprinted in J Sol-Gel Sci Technol 70, 168-171 (2014), Special Issue of the XVII International Sol-Gel Conference, Madrid, 2013.)
    354. Vladimir V. Vinogradov,Alexander Agafonov and David Avnir
    “Conductive sol–gel films”
    J. Mater. Chem. C, 2, 3914–3920 (2014). DOI: 10.1039/c3tc32462a.
    Supplementary information DOI: 10.1039/c3tc32462a
    355. Vladimir V. Vinogradov and David Avnir
    “Exceptional thermal stability of therapeutical enzymes entrapped in alumina sol–gel matrices”
    J. Mater. Chem. B, 2, 2868 - 2873 (2014). DOI: 10.1039/c3tb21643h
    Supplementary : DOI: 10.1039/c3tc32462a
    357. Hila Elimelech and David Avnir
    “Covalent Porous Materials from Hybrid Silica Particles”
    J. Colloid Interface Sci., 431, 157-164 (2014). DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2014.05.055

    358. I. Volovych, Y. Kasaka, M. Schwarze, Z. Nairoukh, J. Blum, M. Fanun, D. Avnir, R. Schomäcker
    “Investigation of sol–gel supported palladium catalysts for Heck coupling reactions in o/w-microemulsions”
    J. Molec. Catal. A: Chem., 393, 210–221 (2014); DOI: 10.1016/j.molcata.2014.06.016

    360. David Avnir, Jochanan Blum and Zackaria Nairoukh
    "Better Catalysis with Organically Modified Sol-Gel Materials"
    In The Sol-Gel Handbook, Editors: David Levy and Marcos Zayat, Vol. 2, Chapter 31, pp. 963 – 986, Wiley-VCH, 2015

    362. Vladimir V. Vinogradov and David Avnir
    “Exceptional thermal stability of industrially important enzymes by entrapment within nanoboehmite derived alumina”
    RSC Advances, 5, 10862 – 10868 (2015), DOI: 10.1039/C4RA10944A + Supplementary

    365. V. V. Vinogradov and D. Avnir
    “Enzyme renaturation to higher activity driven by the sol-gel transition: Carbonic anhydrase”
    Sci. Rep., 5:14411, 1-7 (2015); DOI: 10.1038/srep14411
    Nano News
    Science Daily
    And many more.
    366. Vladimir V. Vinogradov, Israel Felner, Israel Nowik and David Avnir
    “Conductive magnetic sol–gel films”
    J. Mater. Chem. C., 3, 10723—10727 (2015); DOI: 10.1039/c5tc02136g

    369. Andrey S. Drozdov , Vladimir Ivanovski , David Avnir and Vladimir V. Vinogradov
    "A universal magnetic ferrofluid: Nanomagnetite stable hydrosol with no added dispersants and at neutral pH"
    J. Colloid Interface Sci., 468, 307–312 (2016); DOI:

    372. Andrey S. Drozdov, Olga E. Shapovalova, Vladimir Ivanovski, David Avnir and Vladimir V. Vinogradov
    “Entrapment of Enzymes within Sol−Gel-Derived Magnetite”
    Chem. Mater., 28, 2248−2253 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b00193
    Supporting information

    373. Olga E. Shapovalova, David Levy, David Avnir, and Vladimir V. Vinogradov
    “Protection of enzymes from photodegradation by entrapment within alumina”
    Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 146, 731 – 736 (2016)

    379. Katerina V. Volodina, David Avnir and Vladimir V. Vinogradov
    “Alumina nanoparticle-assisted enzyme refolding: A versatile methodology for proteins renaturation”
    Sci. Rep., 7: 1458 (2017), pp. 1-7, DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-01436-62017

    382. Noam Ralbag, Francisco Javier Montes Ruiz-Cabello , Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Valverde, Vitaly Gutkin, Ruthy Sfez and David Avnir
    “Continuous thermal control of hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity changes of hybrid films and of their directionality: Kinetics and substrate effects”
    J. Coll. Interface Sci., 505 692–702 (2017) + supplementary.

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